University of Minnesota
School of Physics & Astronomy

Scientific Program


Sunday, September 30

    Opening reception with appetizers6:30 - 9:00pm
    On the 22nd floor of the Crowne Plaza

Monday, October 1

Giant Eruptions and Pre-Supernova Evolution (SN impostors, LBVs, hypergiants and "red" transients)
Organizers -- Davidson, Humphreys, Langer
Morning Invited Plenary Review Talks -- (9:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. with break)
  • LBVs- Their Variability and Formation of Nebulae -- Kerstin Weis
  • Giant Eruptions(Impostors) -- Schuyler Van Dyk
  • Origin of the Instability: Surface -- Jorick Vink
  • Origin of the Instability:Interior -- David Arnett
Topics for the afternoon discussion -- (2:00 - 5:30 p.m. with break)

1. What is the Progenitor Class of Evolved Stars -- of LBVs, of Giant Eruptions as a Function of Mass, Relations to RSGs, AGBs?
    • Nolan Walborn -- LBVs
    • Armin Rest -- eta Car
    • Mansi Kasliwal -- Red Transients
      • Do high mass loss episodes occur in Pop III?
        • Dominik Bomans -- Transients at Low Metallicity
      2. Recovery from a Giant Eruption -- The Survivors
        • Kris Davidson -- eta Car from 1890 - Present
        • Chris Kochanek -- Dust in Massive Transients
        How does a giant eruption affect future evolution?

      3. Surface vs. Interior Instabilities (in different mass ranges)
        Surface -- the Eddington limit in its various forms (opacity, rotation, the bi-stability jump) and the LBV/S Dor instability strip
        • Joyce Guzik -- Origin of LBV Instability
        • Noam Soker -- Accretion Onto a Companion
        Can giant eruptions be explained by surface instabilities?

        Interior -- What kind of instabilities occur, can they explain giant eruptions?

        • Josh Shiode--Wave-Driven Mass Loss, a Mechanism for Late-stage Stellar Eruptions

        What physics is or still needs to be included in the codes?
      Poster viewing -- (5:30 - 6:30pm) and Happy Hour

    Tuesday, October 2

    Supernovae and Hypernovae -- their progenitors and progeny (Types II's, Ib and Ic, Type IIn's, super luminous SN, and the origin of GRBs)
    Organizers -- Heger, Smartt, Woosley, Arnett
    Morning Invited Plenary Review talks -- (9:00am - 12:00pm)
    • SN progenitors --- Stephen Smartt
    • Super-luminous SN and Type IIn's --- Nathan Smith
    • Failed Supernovae and Pulsational Pair Supernovae --- Stan Woosley
    • Gamma-ray bursts --- Andrew Fruchter

Topics for afternoon discussion -- (1:30 - 5:30pm)
    1. What is the fate of the most massive stars: > 20 Msun, > 60 Msun, > 100 Msun?
    • Schuyler Van Dyk --Progenitors from pre-SN imaging
    • Nancy Elias-Rosa -- Progenitors of SNe II associated with Yellow Supergiants
    • Vikram Dwarkadas -- Are LBVs SNe Progenitor
    • Selma de Mink, Binaries and the Pre-SN Evolution
Are All Type IIn's Supernovae? What are the progenitors and origins of superluminous Sne?
  • Ori Fox--Type IIn's and final stages
    • 2. Failed SNe in high mass stars : do they exist?
      • Jill Gerke -- A Search for Failed SNe

      3. What is the role of the pulsational pair instability?

      • Ken Chen -- Supernovae from the Most Massive Stars

      4. What is the role of pre-terminal interior instabilities?

      • Jeremiah Murphy -- Explosion Conditions and the Effects of Multi-dimensional Instabilities

      Are these related to the non-terminal giant eruptions (see Day 1)?

      What physics is or still needs to be included in the codes?

      • Ugalde -- 12C research
    Conference Dinner on the University of Minnesota Showboat (6:30 -9:30 p.m.) with a surprise after dinner speaker on "world domination."

    Wednesday, October 3

    The Aftermath: neutron stars,black holes,and gravity waves
    Organizers -- Mandic, Meszaros, Qian
    Morning Invited Plenary Review Talks (9:00am - 12:00pm)
    • (Massive) Binary Star Evolution -- Norbert Langer
    • Supernova explosions & Observable Signals -- Th. Janka
    • Compact binary mergers & gravity waves -- Richard O'Shaughnessy
    • Gravitational Waves from Core-Collapse Supernovae -- Bernhard Mueller
    Topics for afternoon discussion (1:30 - 5:30pm)
      1. What are the explosion Mechanisms of Core-collapse Supernovae and Associated GW Signals?
      • Evan O'Connor --Core-Collapse Supernovae and Associated GW Signals
      • Jeremiah Murphy -- A Theory for Gravitational Wave Emission from Core-Collapse SNe

      2. How do compact remnants depend on the initial properties of the massive stars?

      • Ondrej Pejcha --Neutron Star Mass Distribution
      • Tsing Wai Wong --Progenitors of Black Holes

      3. What can we learn from GW signals about the physics input -- convection, neutrino emission, nuclear equation of state?

      4. What are the prospects for the upcoming second-generation GW detectors to observe these GW signals?

      Adjourn by 5:00 pm