University of Minnesota
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Michael Schuett

Origin of the Resistivity Anisotropy in the Nematic Phase of FeSe
Tanatar, M. A. and Boehmer, A. E. and Timmons, E. I. and Schuett, M. and Drachuck, G. and Taufour, V. and Kothapalli, K. and Kreyssig, A. and Bud'ko, S. L. and Canfield, P. C. and Fernandes, R. M. and Prozorov, R., Phys. Rev. Lett.

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The in-plane resistivity anisotropy is studied in strain-detwinned single crystals of FeSe. In contrast to other iron-based superconductors, FeSe does not develop long-range magnetic order below the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic transition at Ts≈90  K. This allows for the disentanglement of the contributions to the resistivity anisotropy due to nematic and magnetic orders. Comparing direct transport and elastoresistivity measurements, we extract the intrinsic resistivity anisotropy of strain-free samples. The anisotropy peaks slightly below Ts and decreases to nearly zero on cooling down to the superconducting transition. This behavior is consistent with a scenario in which the in-plane resistivity anisotropy is dominated by inelastic scattering by anisotropic spin fluctuations.