Eric Ganz does calculations of Hydrogen Storage Capacity of Metal-Organic and Covalent-Organic Frameworks by Spillover. There is great interest in finding porous solid materials that can store hydrogen for use in fuel cell vehicles. Ideally, these materials would adsorb large amounts of hydrogen gas reproducibly at room temperature and moderate pressure. A new class of materials has been developed that shows great promise for use in hydrogen storage.
|a) Flower open magnetization and b vortex closed magnetization cross sections showing the direction of the magnetic moments. b) shows complete magnetic flux closure and explains why the vortex state is nearly invisible to the MFM.|
Condensed matter physics, and the closely associated discipline of materials physics, are the largest subfields in physics. Condensed matter research at Minnesota spans a range that includes the strange properties of electricity at nanoscales, to activities that may truly be considered "high science," understanding phenomena such as "superfluids," 3He and 4He.
Condensed matter and materials physics have been the sources of numerous technologies important to daily life. These include compound semiconductor electronics, magnetic and optical storage systems, liquid crystal displays, and semiconductor lasers. Among the many efforts at Minnesota aimed at future technology are the experiments in spintronics, which are attempting to solve problems associated with the coupling of a semiconductor and a ferromagnet. Several of the condensed matter faculty members participate in the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, a collaborative effort by the University that crosses departmental boundaries.
The condensed matter group at Minnesota investigates a wide range of experimental and theoretical problems in superconductivity and superfluidity, magnetism, mesoscopic physics, liquid crystals, semiconductors, surface physics and complexity.
|Fiona Burnell||Exotic phases of matter-- phases not described by the conventional Landau classification based on broken symmetries.|
|Charles E. Campbell||The many-body theory and statistical mechanics of quantum spin systems and of strongly correlated quantum fluids.|
|Paul Crowell||Spin dynamics and transport in ferromagnets and ferromagnet-semiconductor heterostructures.|
|E. Dan Dahlberg|
|Rafael Fernandes||Strongly correlated electron systems. Unconventional superconductivity. Competing phases and emergent order. Disorder effects in quantum phase transitions.|
|Eric Ganz||Calculations of the properties of novel Materials|
|Allen Goldman||Properties of superconductors and selected magnetic materials in the configuration of thin films.|
|Martin Greven||Experimental condensed matter physics. High-temperature superconductivity. Low-dimensional magnetism. Crystal growth of quantum materials. Neutron and X-ray scattering. Charge transport.|
|J. Woods Halley||Condensed matter and chemical physics theory, simulation and experiment with an emphasis on interfaces and models of prebiotic evolution.|
|James Kakalios||Experimental Condensed Matter: Amorphous Semiconductors, Fluctuation Phenomena in Neurological Systems, Segregation in Granular Media|
|Alex Kamenev||Theoretical condensed matter physics, disordered systems and glasses, field-theoretical treatment of many-body systems, mesoscopic systems, out of equilibrium systems|
|Natalia Perkins||Strongly correlated electron systems. Frustrated magnetism. Orbital physics. Competing phases and emergent order in systems with strong spin-orbit coupling.|
|Vlad Pribiag||My research focuses on quantum electronic transport in low-dimensional semiconductor systems.|
|Boris Shklovskii||Theory of transport and electron-electron correlations in disordered systems, quantum Hall effect, hopping conduction, metal-nonmetal transition and transport in nano-crystal films.|
|Oriol T. Valls||Superconducting and Magnetic Proximity Effects in F/S nanostructures; Exotic forms of superconductivity; Charge and Spin Transport in F/S nanostructures; Superfluid Hydrodynamics; Dynamics of quantum Crystals.|
|Jorge Vinals||Pattern formation outside of thermodynamic equilibrium. Nonlinear dynamics, bifurcation, and chaos. Defect motion in soft matter and in complex fluids such as block copolymers and nematic suspensions.|
|Michael Zudov||Quantum transport in quantum Hall systems|
|Terence Bretz-Sullivan||Experimental condensed matter physics, superconducting nanowires, collective modes in superconductors, and ionic liquid gating of oxide nanostructures|
|Ben Frederick Intoy||Non-equlibrium physics, Complex systems, evolutionary game theory.|
|Jian Kang||strongly correlated electron system, including high Tc superconductivity, magnetism, and etc.|
|Konstantin Reich||Transport and optical properties of arrays of nanocrystals, SrTiO3, electronic and phononic physics of low dimensional structures|
|Michael Schuett||Non-equilibrium properties and transport in critical, interacting and disordered many-body systems. Novel properties exhibited in materials when exposed to a rapidly changing environment.|
|Guichuan Yu||X-ray and neutron scattering studies of the high-Tc superconductors. Crystal growth and characterization. Torque magnetometry.|
|Changjiang Liu||Creation and manipulation of electron spins in ferromagnet-semiconductor systems|
|Peter Martin||Molecular biophysics of membrane proteins and lipid membranes|
|Xiaoyu Wang||macroscopic quantum phenomena, phase transitions, high Tc superconductivity|
|Boyi Yang||Ionic Liquid Doping of High Tc Cuprates|